After teaching a pregnant woman who is in labor about the purpose of the episiotomy, which of the following purposes stated by the client would indicate to the nurse that the teaching was effective?
A. Shortens the second stage of labor
B. Enlarges the pelvic inlet
C. Prevents perineal edema
D. Ensures quick placenta delivery
An episiotomy serves several purposes. It shortens the second stage of labor, substitutes a clean surgical incision for atear, and decreases undue stretching of perineal muscles. An episiotomy helps prevent tearing of the rectum but it does not necessarily relieves pressure on the rectum. Tearing may still occur.